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But it wasn`t just Mr Trump who opposed the deal. Critics of the left also said it had cost jobs in the United States and said the TPP would pave the way for companies to sue governments that, for example, change health and education policies to favor state-provided services. It was also seen as an intensification of competition between workers in countries. The impetus for what became a TPP was a 2005 trade deal between a small group of Pacific countries, consisting of Brunei, Chile, New Zealand and Singapore. In 2008, President George W. Bush announced that the United States would begin trade negotiations with this group, which led Australia, Vietnam and Peru to join. During the discussions, the group expanded to include Canada, Japan, Malaysia and Mexico – twelve countries in total. In January 2018, the remaining eleven countries agreed on a revised TPP, now renamed the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). The CPTPP is substantially the same as the TPP, but omits 20 provisions that, at the request of the United States, were added to the TPP and are no longer binding. These provisions mainly concern investment, public procurement and intellectual property.  ECIPE stated in 2014 that the TPP would be “the first `competing` economic integration large enough to have a significant negative impact on Europe. In the long run, the negative effects will be due to dynamic effects such as investment, productivity and competitiveness.”  Pascal Lamy called the TPP “the last of the great old-style trade agreements.” :2 A version of the contract text “subject to legal review” was published on November 5, 2015 published by potential member parties.  Parts of the draft full agreement were disclosed to the public.  Many of the provisions contained in the disclosed documents are based on previous trade agreements. [Citation required] In June 2015, U.S. Senator Rand Paul, a Republican from Kentucky, rejected the law to speed up Congressional ratification of the TPP based on the secrecy of the trade deal.  In 2012, critics such as Public Citizen`s Global Trade Watch, a consumer advocacy group, called for more open negotiations on the deal.