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“The South Sudan Human Rights Commission notes the agreement reached on 7 November in Kampala by the parties to the relaunched peace agreement for South Sudan to extend the formation period for the Government of National Unity by 100 days. The Commission urges all parties to the renewed peace agreement to work urgently to resolve outstanding issues, including security measures, the number of states and the South Sudan government`s payment arrears for the peace process. The effectiveness of IGAD will also determine the success of R-ARCSS. It is necessary to recognize and anticipate that there are parties and individuals who are prepared to undermine the R-ARCSS by hidden and incarceral means to defend their interests, their power and their constituent ideologies. IGAD`s ability to respond effectively to the challenges or resistance will be essential to facilitate the smooth implementation of the Peace Pact. The fact that the peace pact is politically inclusive and representative – unlike its predecessor, ARCSS – is a necessary condition for its successful implementation. Admittedly, there are still arguments in favour of opposition by certain influential individuals and armed groups – such as dissident groups of certain parties such as the SSOA – to the agreement16, and the importance of the inclusion of the agreement should be welcomed as the basis for continued engagement with non-signatory parties. The TPP seems to succeed if success is defined very narrowly. Most of the institutions calling for R-ARCSS have been created. However, there are constraints on funding that are successful because these institutions are weakened and do not have the financial resources to carry out their missions. One of the institutions to be created – the CBI – has a significant impact on the constitution of the National Assembly.
It can have even more negative effects on overall stability if it is never created and transferred instead into the NSNCs. The signatories of the agreement continue to fight as belligerents, obstructing humanitarian aid, failing to release prisoners and failing to allow TPP bodies to do their jobs, undermining their mutual trust and public confidence in this true peace. The impact of the agreement on its future in its current phase will not be highlighted until the coming months, the parties concerned will reflect on what can be done with what is financially and structurally available and to what extent these two dimensions together prepare South Sudan for a revitalized government of national unity. According to R-ARCSS of the CWB, “the number of states” and its limitations, as well as the “composition and restructuring” of the Council of States, 13 The mid-term evaluation report of the National Democracy Movement (NDM) of January 2019 shows that the recommendations of members necessary for the creation of the CBI have already been made by the South Sudanese parties to the agreement14.14, regardless of the financial constraints. , the obstacles blocking the formation of the CBI are not clear. However, the establishment of the Boundary Committee (TBC) on 7 January 2019 has shown a positive development, although almost five months behind schedule.