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The arbitration panel, in agreement with the parties, may decide not to hold a hearing. NOTE also that in the event of an orderly withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Eu, a separate protocol from this agreement must also provide for the specific provisions applicable to Gibraltar, particularly during the transition period, the UK`s participation in the EIB group after the withdrawal date In the case of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop” attached to the agreement which establishes a position of case Irish border. other effective regimes are not demonstrated until the end of the transitional period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed.  The first paragraph does not apply where protection in the EU is derived from international agreements to which the Union is a party. The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration and replaced the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the Equal Competition Mechanism has been postponed from the legally binding withdrawal agreement to the political declaration, and the line of the political statement that “the United Kingdom will consider taking into account alignment with trade union rules in the relevant areas” has been removed.  The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, the United Kingdom before the Convention and the accompanying regulations concerning accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, namely: